Digital modeling has mainly been a method of visualization in the archaeological realm, however it serves other purposes. While the method of digital modeling still remains a specialized tool in the archaeological tool kit, it can also provide means to learn many facets of history. The process of digital archaeological modeling forces the student to break the site down to its component level, a wall is not just a wall anymore, it is a system of stones working together to act as a wall and you must model each stone. This can teach students how different cultures throughout time built their structures, leading the students to be in the mind of the ancient people they are studying.
Through working in a component style you see what elements make up the features of the site. In the program that I use, Presagis Creator, you can even apply the properties of the materials to the model to see how material types effect the construction. It also gives you the option to view the features in ways that are not possible in real life: you can see them in isolation and even how they look underground. This is something only possible in virtual reality; it creates “born-digital” research that could not happen without the aid of technology.
I am experiencing this first hand as I build the digital model of Tel-Azekah. The first area I modeled was area W1 and there was a large Persian Period layer and a Middle Bronze fortification wall. As I built these features I became very familiar with the building styles, then I moved to area E, which contains Roman period remains. At first the new construction styles confused me, but soon I realized how the Romans style differed. I went from the rough field stone construction of the Middle Bronze age to the even hewn stones of the Roman period. By having to reconstruct the remains, I gained a deeper understanding of these building styles that one cannot gain from reading, viewing, and even excavating.
Area E Area W1
The process of digital modeling forces the user to think about all of the aspects that go into the archaeological site. Through modeling all the aspects of you have to think about the site like a spatial network; how does one object interact with others and questions like this fuel the modeling process. It allows me to immerse myself in a culture, to represent what they were and tell their story to a modern world.